Monday, March 19, 2018

City of Bukhara

The development of irrigation on the lower reaches of the Zarafshan in the 1st millennium BC allowed the population of the region to expand.

Bukhara is a city dating to the fifth to fourth century BC and is now located in the Republic of Uzbekistan. The city paid tribute to the first Arab armies to cross the Oxus River in 673-4, but permanent Arab control of Bukhara was established only in the early 8th century.

The principal city in a desert oasis, Bukhara came under the rule of the Arab Umayyad Caliphate in 709.

Over the next 700 years, Bukhara switched hands between Arabs, Persians, Turks, and Mongols. In the ninth and tenth centuries AD Bukhara was the capital of the Samanid dysnaty, In AD 1220 the city was captured and devastated by Genghis Khan. A century and a half later, in AD 1370, it fell to Tamerlane.

Bukhara became a famous center of Islamic learning, with the Naqshbandi Sufi Order taking its name from Baha l-in Naqsband, who lived in Bukhara in the 14th century.

In the sixteenth century, Bukhara became the capital of the Uzbeki Shaybanids, whose khanate extended to include Afghanistan and northern Persia. The Khanate was weakened by internal feuding an in 1740 the Persian took control of the city.

Bukhara was conquered by the Russian in 1868. Over the years of Soviet rule, Bukhara lost its political and economic importance.
City of Bukhara
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